A nurse is a specialist with a specialized medical education who helps a doctor, provides first-aid medical care, and performs many tasks for the needs of a medical institution.
Nursing has many different specializations:
- The chief nurse monitors the work of all nurses, fulfills applications for the purchase of medications, dressings, other medical supplies. It also draws up a schedule of nurse duty, monitors the hospital’s material and technical equipment.
- The head nurse helps the head of the department, is responsible for the order.
- The nurse assistant cares for patients, follows the instructions of senior colleagues.
- The desk nurse is responsible for the implementation of the doctor’s appointments, controls the administration of drugs, relatives’ visits.
- The ward nurse monitors the condition of patients in the wards of conventional and intensive care, is responsible for maintaining bed rest, diet, measures blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate.
- The treatment nurse works in the treatment room, makes injections, droppers, medical procedures prescribed by a doctor (nebulizer, aspirator), collects tests and passes them to the laboratory.
- The scrub nurse helps the surgeon before, during and after the operation: prepares the instruments, assists during the surgical intervention, recounts the instruments and dressings used during the operation.
- The surgical ward assistant works in the surgical department, in the dressing room, makes dressings, removes stitches, assists the surgeon with minor surgical interventions (opening a boil, catheter placement, drainage).
- The laboratory nurse takes the biological material and performs the manipulations as directed by the doctor.
- The patronage nurse monitors the condition of the newborn after being discharged from the maternity hospital, monitors compliance with the schedule of vaccinations and examinations of the baby by specialists.
- The gerontological nurse practitioner works in a nursing home, in the gerontological department of a medical organization, helps older people maintain their health, and fulfills the doctor’s recommendations.
- The school nurse monitors the condition of children, provides them access to classes after a previous disease, conducts tempering measures, preventive examinations, performs vaccinations and medical tests, appoints quarantine in case of infections, gives a medical exemption from physical education or sports competitions.
Responsibilities and duties
The main duties of a nurse are as follows:
- first aid medical care;
- patient care;
- assistance to doctors, sterilization of instruments;
- the collection of biological material for research;
- execution of medical appointments;
- management of nursing staff;
- disposal of medical waste;
- records management.